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Epi-Logue Cooking Terms


A

A la carte

À la carte is a set menu where dishes are individually priced, often served in small...

Alliaceous

A word used to describe foods that have a predominant taste of onion and garlic. “My...

Almond

The almond is a species of tree native to the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent...

Anchovies

An anchovy is a small, common salt-water forage fish of the family Engraulidae.

Appetizer

A small portion of food that is enjoyed before main course, to awaken your taste buds...


B

Barding

In the English dictionary it is the act of clothing a horse in armour, but in the...

Borborygmus

The phrase ‘my belly is rumbling’ is a real bodily function, borborygmus occurs...

Bouquet Garni

A small parcel of herbs that have been tied together in a packet so that they can...


C

Charcuterie

A variety of pates, cured meats and rillettes all cut and served ready to sink your...

Chiffonade

Translated from the French language the term means ‘made of rags’, it is the act...

Cocotte

A technique which requires food to be baked in an enclosed pot to ensure no juices...


D

Dariole

A small mould that is used for making puddings, jellies and creams. It is often cup-shaped. The...

Deglaze

The method of removing stubborn food from the bottom of the pan with liquid, in order...

Dulse

Health conscious people are swapping potato chips for a dried seaweed flake called...


E

En Croute

Derived in France the term was used to describe the cooking of ingredients inside...

Endive

A green curly leafed vegetable that is native to Asia and is great in a salad or juice....

Entrée

In the United States the entrée is the main course of the meal which should be enjoyed...


F

Fire-fanged

Although you may be thinking of a dragon right now, we are referring to that which...

Foodachondriac

A person who is unable to order from a menu without making many moderations to the...

Foodie

A polarising term denoting a person who is passionate about food, they enjoy eating,...


G

Ghee

A clarified butter that is made from cow or buffalo milk and cooked slowly, Ghee is...

Griddle

A pan that is made of cast iron or aluminium and is flat, it is used to cook food...


H

Hangry

A term used to explain the emotion you feel when you are hungry and snappy as low...

Hogo

Food that is rich in seasoning and highly flavoured. The word is a modification of...

Horno

A beehive shaped outdoor oven that uses wood as a heat source. When cooking meats...


I

Ice bath

The chilling of a food or beverage very quickly using a bath of ice and water. This...

Indulge

To allow oneself to fully enjoy the pleasure of something. This word springs to mind...

Infusing

The process of steeping herbs or fruits for an extended time in liquid, infusing their...


J

Jerky

Thin strips of dried meat, traditionally made from beef and dried out in the sun. Jerky...

Juicing

The act of extracting the juice from fruits and vegetables (often with a juicer or...

Julienne

To cut food into long thin strips that resemble matchsticks, most commonly used in...


K

Killing the Onion

A Turkish technique for taming onions that is referred to as ‘killing the onion',...

Kissing Crust

Letting two loaves of bread get too close in the oven whilst baking. The Romeo...

Knead

To work and press dough with the palms of the hands to develop gluten in the flour. Traditionally...


L

Latte

Particularly fashionable when taken using soy milk, often the drink of choice for...

Loose-bottom tin

Cake or flan tin with a handy removable base, which allows the cake to be easily lifted...

Lukewarm

A temperature that feels neither hot nor cold when tested on the inside wrist –...


M

Maldon salt

Gourmet salt which comes from Maldon, Essex, UK. Maldon salt flakes are used sparingly...

Marinate

To leave meat, poultry, fish - or even fruit - to soak in a ‘marinade’. Most often,...

Mesclun

Young shoots, lettuces, herbs and leaves used in a salad. It originated in Provence,...

Miso caramel

The new, new thing to season your food. Salt is so 2016. Miso caramel provides the...


N

Nappe

A French term meaning to cover food with a light, thin, layer of sauce.

Neige

French term for egg whites beaten until they form stiff peaks, and used in dessert...

Non-Reactive

Pans made of material such as clay, copper, enamel or stainless steel pans that don't...

Nutraceutical

A trendy term for any food that is nutritionally enhanced with nutrients, vitamins,...


O

Offal

Also called variety meats, offal comprises the edible internal parts and some extremities...

Oleaginous Plants

Think almonds, pistachios, peanuts, olives, walnuts, and the seeds of sunflower, safflower...

On The Half Shell

Culinary phrase describing the presentation of oysters, scallops, and the like, served...


P

Parboil

To partly cook in boiling water. Vegetables, when parboiled, should still be very...

Pesto

An arguably essential paste or sauce in any kitchen. This Italian mix of basil, oil,...

Pickles 

A truly hipster home isn't complete without a jar of pickles in the kitchen. Pickling...

Poach

Cooking something very gently in simmering water or other liquid, such as milk, is...


Q

Quadriller

To mark grilled food with a criss-cross pattern of lines. Lines are made by contact...

Quiche

A savoury, open-faced pastry crust, filled with an egg-based custard, and often meat,...

Quinoa

You might not know quite how to pronounce it, but this hipster food extraordinaire...


R

Ragag

A traditional Emirati thin and crispy pancake, often served at roadside cafes. A mix...

Ramen

A Japanese dish comprising Chinese noodles in a bowl of soupy goodness, with different...

Refresh

Plunging your cooked vegetables into a bowl of very cold, or preferably iced water...

Root-to-shoot

A minimal waste ethos of cooking, embracing the whole plant. Think deep-fried Jerusalem...


S

Sauté

A sophisticated term for shallow frying, which involves stirring or shaking the pan...

Scald

Heating liquids, such as milk, until they are just at boiling point.

Score

To cut the surface of meat, pastry, or fruit with a sharp knife, without cutting right...

Sriracha

The most iconic hot chili sauce on the planet, with a cult following. Originally a...

Steam

To cook in steam created by boiling water – often in a saucepan-top container that...

Stir-fry

Traditionally a dish of meat, noodles and vegetables cooked fast in a wok, at a high...


T

Teff

The world’s tiniest grain, from Ethiopia. Full of protein, iron and calcium.

Tortilla

A tortilla is a set omelette, often containing potato and other vegetables. In Mexico,...

Truffle Oil

A seemingly must-have oil in every kitchen. You can hardly move in Dubai's cafe society...

Trussing

The process of tying meat with butcher’s twine prior to roasting to keep it uniform.

Turmeric Latte

Turmeric has joined the ranks of must-eat superfoods, thanks to its anti-inflammatory...


U

Udon Noodles

Considered healthier than other noodles and low fat, udon noodles are thick Japanese...

Ultra-Pasteurised

Describes milk or cream heated very high, then cooled.

Umami

A Japanese term meaning the fifth taste – after sweetness, sourness, bitterness,...

Unicorn

A trend which involves making cakes and other food rainbow coloured, as in the colour...


V

Vandyke

To Vandyke something is to cut a zig-zag pattern around its circumference, creating...

Veganuary

A bastardisation of January, and a month when we are all supposed to become vegan,...

Vinaigrette

VinaigretteA catch-all term for a multitude of salad dressings made from oil, vinegar...


W

Water Bath (or bain-marie)

Food placed in a dish, then in a large pan of warm water, surrounding the food with...

Whip and Whisk

To whip is to beat with an egg-beater or electric beater until thick and frothy. Whisking...

Wild Rice

A healthy grain of a reed-like aquatic plant (Zizania aquatica) unrelated to rice;indigenous...


X

Xanthan gum

A white, powdered food additive, mainly used to thicken salad dressings. It is water-soluble...

Xylitol

A naturally-occurring sweetener found in many plants such as fruits and vegetables,...


Y

Yakitori

A Japanese dish of small pieces of boneless chicken/meat marinated, skewered, and...

Yerba Mate

A drink, said to have great health benefits. Mate is used as a stimulant to relieve...

Yucca Root

Otherwise known as cassava or manioc, this starchy tuber is a food staple for more...


Z

Zabaione

A rich Italian custard made by beating egg yolks until they are lemon yellow, then...

Zest

The outer part of citrus fruit, which contains essential oils. Remove it with care...



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